Council continues to honour ANZAC heroes ahead of Remembrance Day

Brisbane City Council will continue to commemorate the fallen heroes of World War I ahead of Remembrance Day with two major commemorative projects unveiled today.

Lord Mayor Graham Quirk has today opened a new lawn at Toowong Cemetery to honour Canon David Garland, the man known as the ‘architect of ANZAC Day’.

Cr Quirk said the lawn highlighted the importance of Canon Garland’s contributions to Australian society, with his proposal to honour fallen troops, the start of what is now a national tradition.

“Canon David Garland worked as a chaplain at the Enoggera Army Barracks during World War I and in the wake of climbing casualties from the war; Garland proposed a national day to honour the sacrifice of fallen soldiers in the Gallipoli landings,” Cr Quirk said.

“Garland rallied the local community and in 1916, the ANZAC Day Commemorative Committee of Queensland was established, with Garland serving as its secretary.

“Garland created the framework for ANZAC Day commemorative services and worked tirelessly to gain military, religious, political, governmental, business and general community acceptance.

“In 1916, ANZAC Day was commemorated on 25 April for the first time and was marked by a wide variety of ceremonies and services in Australia, a march through London, and a sports day in the Australian camp in Egypt.

Cr Quirk said the new lawn was delivered in partnership with local groups, including Friends of Toowong Cemetery, the Canon Garland Historical Society and Brisbane Ghost Tours and would commemorate Australia’s fallen heroes.

“The location of Canon Garland Place bears great historical significance, with the space being the focus of Anzac Day commemorations until the completion of Queensland’s National Anzac Memorial, Anzac Square, in 1930,” Cr Quirk said.

“The lawn is located adjacent to ‘The Cross of Sacrifice’ and ‘The Stone of Remembrance’ which were unveiled in 1924, and funded through fundraising activities which Canon Garland established.

“Works have involved turfing the lawn, installing seating, new pathways and a commemorative storyboard plaque about Cannon David Garland for residents and visitors to enjoy.

Cr Quirk has today also launched the Streets of Remembrance project, which will see the symbolic Rising Sun badge on almost 100 significant street signs throughout Brisbane.

“As we approach the 97th anniversary of the Armistice which ended World War I, our Streets of Remembrance will serve to acknowledge the historical significance of street names such as Anzac, Birdwood,  Gallipoli, Lone Pine, Monash, Heliopolis and Lemnos,” Cr Quirk said.

“The Rising Sun badge has become an integral part of the digger tradition and the badge’s distinctive shape is commonly identified with the spirit of ANZAC.”

The Rising Sun badge will feature on 94 street signs in the following locations, with installation to occur by 11 November 2015:

  1. Anzac Avenue, Sandgate – 2 signs
  2. Anzac Lane, Moorooka – 1 sign
  3. Anzac Road, Carina Heights  – 4 signs
  4. Birdwood Road, Carina Heights – 8 signs
  5. Birdwood Road, Holland Park West / Tarragindi  – 5 signs
  6. Birdwood Street, Coorparoo – 3 signs
  7. Birdwood Street, Zillmere – 6 signs
  8. Birdwood Terrace, Auchenflower – 7 signs
  9. Birdwood Terrace, Toowong – 12 signs
  10. Gallipoli Road, Carina Heights – 13 signs
  11. Lone Pine Street, Enoggera – 3 signs
  12. Monash Court, Forest Lake – 1 sign
  13. Monash Place, Ferny Grove – 1 sign
  14. Monash Place, Fitzgibbon – 1 sign
  15. Monash Road, Tarragindi – 15 signs
  16. Heliopolis Parade, Mitchelton – 8 signs
  17. Lemnos Street, Nundah/Wavell Heights – 3 signs
  18. Lemnos Street, Red Hill – 1 sign

Cr Quirk said Council had carried out significant research for the Streets of Remembrance project and the roll-out of 94 signs was only the first phase of Streets of Remembrance, with timings and locations for future phases to be determined in the coming months.

“Streets of Remembrance is just one of Council’s diverse programs to commemorate the ANZAC Centenary, including the specially wrapped ANZAC CityCat Walan, which depicts a squad of soldiers marching to the front as the run rises, and ANZAC bus depicting Toowong brothers James and Alexander Patterson, who served together at Gallipoli,” Cr Quirk said.

“Council committed $957,000 in 2014-15 to rehabilitate prominent war memorials in Yeronga, Hemmant, Mt Ommaney, East Brisbane, Nundah and Kenmore and carry out minor repairs and maintenance to other memorials – and we are now carrying out our usual maintenance including cleansing and tree trimming to ensure our memorials are looking their best for Remembrance Day.

“The third stage of the ANZAC Square restoration and enhancement project is also set to commence in late 2015 and will see the Shrine of Memories open to the public in time for ANZAC Day 2016.”

The ANZAC Square restoration and enhancement project is jointly funded by Council and the Queensland Government.

For more information, visit www.brisbane.qld.gov.au or phone (07) 3403 8888.

Street

Significance

Anzac Avenue, Sandgate – 2 signs

 

Anzac Lane, Moorooka – 1 sign

 

Anzac Road, Carina Heights – 4 signs

Formed in 1915 during the First World War, the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) was an army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.

Under the command of the General William Birdwood, the ANZACs operated during the Battle of Gallipoli, and consisted of troops from both the 1st New Zealand Expeditionary Force and the First Australian Imperial Force. Following the Allied evacuation of the Gallipoli peninsula, the corps was disbanded in 1916 to form the I Anzac Corps and II Anzac Corps

Birdwood Road, Carina Heights – 8 signs

 

Birdwood Road, Holland Park West / Tarragindi  – 5 signs

 

Birdwood Street, Coorparoo – 3 signs

 

 

Birdwood Street, Zillmere – 6 signs

Birdwood Terrace, Auchenflower – 7 signs

Birdwood Terrace, Toowong – 12 signs

Lieutenant General Sir William Birdwood, a senior officer in Britain’s pre-1914 Indian Army, was appointed in December 1914 to the command of the Australian and New Zealand forces then assembling in Egypt. These units were soon formed into a corps, the ‘A and NZ Army Corps’, of two divisions – the 1st Australian Division AIF (Australian Imperial Force) commanded by Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges, and the New Zealand and Australian Division, commanded by Major General Sir Alexander Godley.

Gallipoli Road, Carina Heights – 13 signs

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale, was a campaign which occurred on the Gallipoli peninsula between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916. The date of the landing, 25 April, is known as “Anzac Day”.

Lone Pine Street, Enoggera – 3 signs

One of the most famous assaults of the Gallipoli campaign, the Battle of Lone Pine, was originally intended as a diversion from attempts by Australian New Zealand units to force a breakout from the ANZAC perimeter on the heights of Chunuk Bair and Hill 971. The Lone Pine attack, launched by the 1st Brigade AIF in the late afternoon of 6 August 1915, pitched Australian forces against entrenched Turkish positions. Lone Pine is the site of the annual Australian Anzac Day dawn service at Gallipoli.

Monash Court, Forest Lake – 1 sign

 

 

Monash Place, Ferny Grove – 1 sign

 

 

Monash Place, Fitzgibbon – 1 sign

 

 

Monash Road, Tarragindi – 15 signs

General Sir John Monash was an Australian military commander during the First World War. By 1914, he was in command of the AIF’s 4th Brigade in Egypt, with whom he took part in the Gallipoli campaign. In May 1918, he became commander of the Australian Corps and was later knighted by King George V in August of 1918.

Heliopolis Parade, Mitchelton – 8 signs

The 1st Australian General Hospital (1AGH) was located in a re-purposed Palace Hotel in Heliopolis, about 4½ miles west of Cairo. This hospital dealt with physical injuries, diseases and shell shock.  It had also been a compound for Australian Light Horse regiments before they were shipped to Gallipoli.

Lemnos Street, Nundah/Wavell Heights – 3 signs

Lemnos Street, Red Hill – 1 sign

The 3rd Australian General Hospital (3AGH) was established on the Greek island of Lemnos in the Aegean Sea during August 1915. About 130 nurses served at the hospitals on the island. Many nurses also served on the hospital ships that passed through Lemnos to evacuate wounded from the Gallipoli peninsula.